Component of the BRISC complex, a multiprotein complex that specifically cleaves 'Lys-63'-linked polyubiquitin, leaving the last ubiquitin chain attached to its substrates (PubMed:19214193, PubMed:20032457, PubMed:20656690, PubMed:24075985). May act as a central scaffold protein that assembles the various components of the BRISC complex and retains them in the cytoplasm (PubMed:20656690). Plays a role in regulating the onset of apoptosis via its role in modulating 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination of target proteins. Required for normal mitotic spindle assembly and microtubule attachment to kinetochores via its role in deubiquitinating NUMA1 (PubMed:26195665). Plays a role in interferon signaling via its role in the deubiquitination of the interferon receptor IFNAR1; deubiquitination increases IFNAR1 activities by enhancing its stability and cell surface expression (PubMed:24075985, PubMed:26344097). Down-regulates the response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) via its role in IFNAR1 deubiquitination (PubMed:24075985). Required for normal induction of p53/TP53 in response to DNA damage (PubMed:25283148). Independent of the BRISC complex, promotes interaction between USP7 and p53/TP53, and thereby promotes deubiquitination of p53/TP53, preventing its degradation and resulting in increased p53/TP53-mediated transcription regulation and p53/TP53-dependent apoptosis in response to DNA damage (PubMed:25283148). [UniProt]
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Protein Aliases: Abraxas brother; abraxas brother 1; Abraxas brother protein 1; BRISC complex subunit Abraxas 2; BRISC complex subunit Abro1; Em:AC068896.4; family with sequence similarity 175, member B; Protein FAM175B
Gene Aliases: AA589499; ABRAXAS2; ABRO1; AI853413; C430003P19Rik; FAM175B; KIAA0157