Sequence of this protein is as follows: MASPGSGFWS FGSEDGSGDS ENPGTARAWC QVAQKFTGGI GNKLCALLYG DAEKPAESGG SQPPRAAARK AACACDQKPC SCSKVDVNYA FLHATDLLPA CDGERPTLAF LQDVMNILLQ YVVKSFDRST KVIDFHYPNE LLQEYNWELA DQPQNLEEIL MHCQTTLKYA IKTGHPRYFN QLSTGLDMVG LAADWLTSTA NTNMFTYEIA PVFVLLEYVT LKKMREIIGW PGGSGDGIFS PGGAISNMYA MMIARFKMFP EVKEKGMAAL PRLIAFTSEH SHFSLKKGAA ALGIGTDSVI LIKCDERGKM IPSDLERRIL EAKQKGFVPF LVSATAGTTV YGAFDPLLAV ADICKKYKIW MHVDAAWGGG LLMSRKHKWK LSGVERANSV TWNPHKMMGV PLQCSALLVR EEGLMQNCNQ MHASYLFQQD KHYDLSYDTG DKALQCGRHV DVFKLWLMWR AKGTTGFEAH VDKCLELAEY LYNIIKNREG YEMVFDGKPQ HTNVCFWYIP PSLRTLEDNE ERMSRLSKVA PVIKARMMEY GTTMVSYQPL GDKVNFFRMV ISNPAATHQD IDFLIEEIER LGQDL
GAD65 (glutamic acid decarboxylase-65) are present in autoimmune disorders such as insulin-dependent (type1) diabetes mellitus (IDDM), stiff man syndrome and polyendocrine autoimmune disease. Auto-antibodies to GAD65 are present in 60-70% of individuals with newly diagnosed IDDM and thus are important markers for disease activity. These auto-antibodies usually recognize conformation-dependent regions on GAD65 and rarely bind to the second isoform, GAD67. Auto-antibodies to GAD67 are found in only 15% of recent-onset IDDM patients and most of this binding can be blocked with GAD65, suggesting shared epitopes between the two isoforms of GAD.
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Protein Aliases: 65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase; GAD-65; Glutamate decarboxylase 2; glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kDa); Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform; Glutamate decarboxylase-2 (pancreas); MGC161605; MGC161607; RP11-420F12.2
Gene Aliases: 6330404F12Rik; GAD(65); Gad-2; GAD2; GAD65
Molecular Function: decarboxylase