|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide from C-terminus of human GAD65|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.6, with 1% BSA|
|Contains||<0.1% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||4° C, do not freeze|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
This antibody is predicted to react with canine, mouse, porcine and rat based on sequence homology.
Heat-mediated antigen retrieval is recommended prior to staining, using a 10mM citrate buffer, pH 6.0, for 10 minutes followed by cooling at room temperature for 20 min. Following antigen retrieval, incubate samples with primary antibody for 10 min at room temperature. A suggested positive control is pancreas tissue.
Antibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 (GAD65) are present in autoimmune disorders such as insulin-dependent (type1) diabetes mellitus (IDDM), stiff man syndrome and polyendocrine autoimmune disease. Auto-antibodies to GAD65 are present in 60-70% of individuals with newly diagnosed IDDM and thus are important markers for disease activity. These auto-antibodies usually recognize conformation-dependent regions on GAD65 and rarely bind to the second isoform, GAD67. Auto-antibodies to GAD67 are found in only 15% of recent-onset IDDM patients and most of this binding can be blocked with GAD65, suggesting shared epitopes between the two isoforms of GAD.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.