FIGURE: 1 / 3
Sequence of this protein is as follows: MAARVLIIGS GGREHTLAWK LAQSHHVKQV LVAPGNAGTA CSEKISNTAI SISDHTALAQ FCKEKKIEFV VVGPEAPLAA GIVGNLRSAG VQCFGPTAEA AQLESSKRFA KEFMDRHGIP TAQWKAFTKP EEACSFILSA DFPALVVKAS GLAAGKGVIV AKSKEEACKA VQEIMQEKAF GAAGETIVIE ELLDGEEVSC LCFTDGKTVA PMPPAQDHKR LLEGDGGPNT GGMGAYCPAP QVSNDLLLKI KDTVLQRTVD GMQQEGTPYT GILYAGIMLT KNGPKVLEFN CRFGDPECQV ILPLLKSDLY EVIQSTLDGL LCTSLPVWLE NHTALTVVMA SKGYPGDYTK GVEITGFPEA QALGLEVFHA GTALKNGKVV THGGRVLAVT AIRENLISAL EEAKKGLAAI KFEGAIYRKD VGFRAIAFLQ QPR
MERTK is a receptor tyrosine kinase that transduces signals from the extracellular matrix into the cytoplasm by binding to several ligands including LGALS3, TUB, TULP1 or GAS6. Regulates many physiological processes including cell survival, migration, differentiation, and phagocytosis of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis). Ligand binding at the cell surface induces autophosphorylation of MERTK on its intracellular domain that provides docking sites for downstream signaling molecules. Following activation by ligand, interacts with GRB2 or PLCG2 and induces phosphorylation of MAPK1, MAPK2, FAK/PTK2 or RAC1. MERTK signaling plays a role in various processes such as macrophage clearance of apoptotic cells, platelet aggregation, cytoskeleton reorganization and engulfment. Functions in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) as a regulator of rod outer segments fragments phagocytosis. Plays also an important role in inhibition of Toll-like receptors (TLRs)-mediated innate immune response by activating STAT1, which selectively induces production of suppressors of cytokine signaling SOCS1 and SOCS3.
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Protein Aliases: 5'-phosphoribosylglycinamide transformylase; AIR synthase; AIRS; GAR transformylase; GARS; GART; glycinamide ribonucleotide formyltransferase; Glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase; MGC47764; Phosphoribosyl-aminoimidazole synthetase; Phosphoribosylamine--glycine ligase; Phosphoribosylformylglycinamidine cyclo-ligase; Phosphoribosylglycinamide formyltransferase; Phosphoribosylglycinamide synthetase; Trifunctional purine biosynthetic protein adenosine-3
Gene Aliases: AIRS; GARS; GART; GARTF; PAIS; PGFT; PRGS
UniProt ID: (Human) P22102
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 2618