Immunogen sequence: MAQEFVNCKI QPGKVVVFIK PTCPYCRRAQ EILSQLPIKQ GLLEFVDITA TNHTNEIQDY LQQLTGARTV PRVFIGKDCI GGCSDLVSLQ QSGELLTRLK QIGALQ; Positive Samples: SW480, NCI-H460; Cellular Location: Cytoplasm
Glutaredoxin (Grx), also known as thiol transferase, is a small heat-stable oxidoreductase. Grxs form part of the glutaredoxin system, comprising NADPH, GSH and glutathione reductase, which transfers electrons from NADPH to glutaredoxins via GSH. First recovered in E.coli as GSH-dependent hydrogen donors for ribonucleotide reductase, Grx catalyzes GSH-disulfide oxidoreductase via two redox-active cysteine residues. The active sequence (Cys-Pro-Tyr-Cys) is conserved in a variety of species. The 12-kDa dithiol protein has a role in reduction of mixed disulfides in cells exposed to oxidative stress.
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Protein Aliases: glutaredoxin (thioltransferase); glutaredoxin 1; glutaredoxin 1 (thioltransferase); Glutaredoxin-1; Glutaredoxin1; Grx 1; MGC117; MGC117407; thioltransferase; Thioltransferase 1; Thioltransferase-1; Thioltransferase1; TTase 1; TTase-1; TTase1
Gene Aliases: C86710; D13Wsu156e; GLRX; Glrx1; GRX; GRX1; TTase
Molecular Function: oxidoreductase