G protein-coupled receptors (GPRs), also known as seven transmembrane receptors, heptahelical receptors or 7TM receptors, comprise a superfamily of proteins that play a role in many different stimulus-response pathways. GPRs translate extracellular signals into intracellular signals (a process called G-protein activation) and they respond to a variety of signaling molecules, such as hormones and neurotransmitters. GPR41 (G-protein coupled receptor 41), also known as FFAR3 (Free fatty acid receptor 3), is a 346 amino acid multi-pass membrane protein that belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor family. Expressed at high levels in adipose tissue and at lower levels throughout the body, GPR41 functions as a receptor for short chain fatty acids via elevation of intracellular calcium levels and inhibition of adenylyl cyclase.
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Protein Aliases: Free fatty acid receptor 3; G protein-coupled receptor 41; G-protein coupled receptor 41; Gpcr41
Gene Aliases: FFA3R; FFAR3; GPR41; GPR42
UniProt ID: (Human) O14843
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 2865