GPX1 encodes a member of the glutathione peroxidase family. Glutathione peroxidase functions in the detoxification of hydrogen peroxide, and is one of the most important antioxidant enzymes in humans. This protein is one of only a few proteins known in higher vertebrates to contain selenocysteine, which occurs at the active site of glutathione peroxidase and is coded by UGA, that normally functions as a translation termination codon. In addition, this protein is characterized in a polyalanine sequence polymorphism in the N-terminal region, which includes three alleles with five, six or seven alanine (ALA) repeats in this sequence.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Cellular glutathione peroxidase; Glutathione peroxidase 1; GPx-1; GPXD; GSHPx-1; GSHPX1; Selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase 1
Gene Aliases: AI195024; AL033363; CGPx; Gpx; GPx-1; GPX1; GPXD; GSHPx-1; GSHPX1