In direct ELISAs, approximately 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse (rm) PRDC/Gremlin-2 is observed, approximately 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant human (rh) Gremlin is observed and less than 5% cross-reactivity with rmDan, rhCerberus-1, and recombinant chicken Caronte is observed.
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Endoxin level is <0.10 EU per 1 µg of the antibody by the LAL method.
GREMLIN is a member of the BMP (bone morphogenic protein) antagonist family. Like BMPs, BMP antagonists contain cystine knots and typically form homo- and heterodimers. The CAN (cerberus and dan) subfamily of BMP antagonists, to which this gene belongs, is characterized by a C-terminal cystine knot with an eight-membered ring. The antagonistic effect of the secreted glycosylated protein encoded by this gene is likely due to its direct binding to BMP proteins. As an antagonist of BMP, this gene may play a role in regulating organogenesis, body patterning, and tissue differentiation. In mouse, this protein has been shown to relay the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signal from the polarizing region to the apical ectodermal ridge during limb bud outgrowth.
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Protein Aliases: BMP antagonist 1; Cysteine KNOT superfamily 1; Cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1; Down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein; down-regulated in v-mos-transformed cells; Gremlin-1
Gene Aliases: Cktsf1b1; Drm; Grem; Grem1; ld
UniProt ID: (Mouse) O70326
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 23892