This target displays homology in the following species: Cow: 92%; Dog: 100%; Goat: 92%; Guinea Pig: 100%; Horse: 100%; Human: 100%; Mouse: 100%; Rabbit: 92%; Rat: 100%; Zebrafish: 93%
GREMLIN is a member of the BMP (bone morphogenic protein) antagonist family. Like BMPs, BMP antagonists contain cystine knots and typically form homo- and heterodimers. The CAN (cerberus and dan) subfamily of BMP antagonists, to which this gene belongs, is characterized by a C-terminal cystine knot with an eight-membered ring. The antagonistic effect of the secreted glycosylated protein encoded by this gene is likely due to its direct binding to BMP proteins. As an antagonist of BMP, this gene may play a role in regulating organogenesis, body patterning, and tissue differentiation. In mouse, this protein has been shown to relay the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signal from the polarizing region to the apical ectodermal ridge during limb bud outgrowth.
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Protein Aliases: BMP antagonist 1; Cell proliferation-inducing gene 2 protein; colorectal adenoma and carcinoma 1; Cysteine KNOT superfamily 1; Cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1; DAN domain family member 2; Down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein; down-regulated in v-mos-transformed cells; gremlin 1 homolog, cysteine knot superfamily; gremlin 1, cysteine knot superfamily, homolog; gremlin 1-like protein; Gremlin-1; IHG-2; Increased in high glucose protein 2; increased in high glucose-2
Gene Aliases: BOS_10526; C15DUPq; CKTSF1B1; CRAC1; CRCS4; DAND2; DRM; DUP15q; Grem; GREM1; GREMLIN; gremlin-1; HMPS; HMPS1; IHG-2; ld; MPSH; PIG2