This gene encodes a member of the alcohol dehydrogenase family. Members of this family metabolize a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products. The encoded protein forms a homodimer. It has virtually no activity for ethanol oxidation, but exhibits high activity for oxidation of long-chain primary alcohols and for oxidation of S-hydroxymethyl-glutathione, a spontaneous adduct between formaldehyde and glutathione. This enzyme is an important component of cellular metabolism for the elimination of formaldehyde, a potent irritant and sensitizing agent that causes lacrymation, rhinitis, pharyngitis, and contact dermatitis. The human genome contains several non-transcribed pseudogenes related to this gene.
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Protein Aliases: ADH-B2; alcohol dehydrogenase (class III), chi polypeptide; Alcohol dehydrogenase 2; Alcohol dehydrogenase 5; Alcohol dehydrogenase B2; Alcohol dehydrogenase class chi chain; Alcohol dehydrogenase class-3; Alcohol dehydrogenase class-III; class III alcohol dehydrogenase, chi subunit; epididymis secretory sperm binding protein Li 60p; FALDH; FDH; formaldehyde dehydrogenase; Glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase; GSH-FDH; S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase; S-nitrosoglutathione reductase
Gene Aliases: Adh-2; ADH-3; Adh-5; Adh2; Adh3; ADH5; ADHX; FALDH; FDH; GSH-FDH; GSNOR; HEL-S-60p