Immunogen sequence: MIASHLLAYF FTELNHDQVQ KVDQYLYHMR LSDETLLEIS KRFRKEMEKG LGATTHPTAA VKMLPTFVRS TPDGTEHGEF LALDLGGTNF RVLWVKVTDN GLQKVEMENQ IYAIPEDIMR; Positive Samples: 293T, K-562, HL-60; Cellular Location: Mitochondrion outer membrane
In vertebrates there are four major glucose-phosphorylating isoenzymes, designated hexokinase I, II, III, and IV. Hexokinase is an allosteric enzyme inhibited by its product GLC-6-P. Hexokinase activity is involved in the first step in several metabolic pathways. HK3 is bound to the outer mitochondrial membrane. Its hydrophobic N-terminal sequence may be involved in membrane bindng. It is the predominant hexokinase isozyme expressed in insuline-responsive tissues such as skeletal muscle. The N- and C-terminal halves of this hexokinase show extensive sequence similarity to each other. The catalytic activity is associated with the C-terminus while regulatory function is associated wiht the N-terminus. Although found in NIDDM patients, genetic variations of HK2 do not contribute to the disease.
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Protein Aliases: Hexokinase type II; Hexokinase-2; hexokinase-2, muscle; HK II; Muscle form hexokinase
Gene Aliases: AI642394; HK2; HKII; HXK2