The Trip230 gene encodes a protein of 1,978 amino acids with an estimated molecular mass of 230 kDa. The gene is located on chromosome 14q31, which is in a region associated with genetic alterations and thyroid hormone response abnormalities. The Trip230 protein interacts with Rb and thyroid hormone receptor (TR) using two distinct domains. Complex formation with Rb is in a hormone independent manner, but when Trip230 forms a complex with TR, it is in a thyroid hormone-dependent manner. After T3 treatment, Trip230 is phosphorylated and transported to the nucleus, suggesting that phosphorylation may be important for its nuclear translocation.
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Protein Aliases: EC 18.104.22.168; IleRS; isoleucine tRNA ligase 2, mitochondrial; Isoleucine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrial; isoleucine-tRNA synthetase 2, mitochondrial; Isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase; isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase, mitochondrial; mitochondrial isoleucine tRNA synthetase
Gene Aliases: 2010002H18Rik; C79125; CAGSSS; IARS2; ILERS; RGD1311857
Molecular Function: aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase