Immunogen sequence: FQEFHRKSEN TAIHHYLEAL KVKDRSPLRT KLTSALKKLS TKRLCHNALD VQSLSAL
Highest antigen sequence identity to the following orthologs: Mouse - 44%, Rat - 51%.
Interferon-induced RNA-binding protein involved in the human innate immune response. Has a broad and adaptable RNA structure recognition important for RNA recognition specificity in antiviral defense. Binds precursor and processed tRNAs as well as poly-U-tailed tRNA fragments (PubMed:25092312, PubMed:23317505, PubMed:23774268). Specifically binds single-stranded RNA bearing a 5'-triphosphate group (PPP-RNA), thereby acting as a sensor of viral single-stranded RNAs. Single-stranded PPP-RNAs, which lack 2'-O-methylation of the 5' cap and bear a 5'-triphosphate group instead, are specific from viruses, providing a molecular signature to distinguish between self and non-self mRNAs by the host during viral infection. Directly binds PPP-RNA in a non-sequence-specific manner (PubMed:23334420). Also recognizes and selectively binds AT-rich dsDNA (PubMed:23774268). Additionally, as a mediator in innate immunity, regulates positively IKK-NFKB signaling by sinergizing the recruitment of IKK to MAP3K7 (PubMed:26334375). [UniProt]
Protein Aliases: IFIT-5; Interferon-induced 58 kDa protein; Interferon-induced protein with tetratricopeptide repeats 5; P58; Retinoic acid- and interferon-inducible 58 kDa protein; retinoic acid- and interferon-inducible protein (58kD)
Gene Aliases: IFIT5; ISG58; P58; RI58
UniProt ID: (Human) Q13325
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 24138