Immunogen sequence: SPLPITPVNA TCAIRHPCHN NLMNQIRSQL AQLNGSANAL FILYYTAQGE PFPNNLDKLC GPNVTDFPPF HANGTEKAKL VELYRIVVYL GTSLGNITRD QKILNPSALS LHSKLNATAD ILRGLLSNVL CRLCSKYHVG HVDVTYGPDT SGKDVFQKKK LGCQLLGKYK QIIAVLAQAF
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a 20 kDa protein that belongs to the IL-6 receptor family. It binds to a heterodimeric membrane receptor made up of a LIF-specific subunit, gp190 or LIFR, and the subunit gp130, which is shared with the other members of the IL-6 family. LIF expression has been observed in various tissues including thymus, lung, and neuronal tissue. LIF can be up-regulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines such as TNFalpha and IL-17, and elevated levels of LIF have been found in cases of rheumatoid arthritis, neural injury, systemic inflammation, and tuberculosis. LIF displays diverse biological effects, but is best known for its ability to inhibit the differentiation of embryonic stem cells in mice and contribute to stem cell self-renewal. Human and mouse LIF share 79% sequence homology and exhibit cross-species activity. However, LIF inhibition of stem cell differentiation appears to be mouse-specific.
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Protein Aliases: cholinergic differentiation factor; D factor; differentiation inhibitory activity; differentiation-inducing factor; Differentiation-stimulating factor; Emfilermin; hepatocyte-stimulating factor III; human interleukin in DA cells; Leukemia inhibitory factor; LIF; Melanoma-derived LPL inhibitor; MLPLI
Gene Aliases: CDF; DIA; HILDA; LIF; MLPLI
UniProt ID: (Human) P15018
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3976