Peptide sequence: SGSVLPLGEL EGRRSTRDRR SPAEPEGGPA SEGAARPLPR FNSVPLTDTG
Sequence homology: Dog: 85%; Guinea Pig: 79%; Human: 100%; Mouse: 86%; Pig: 85%; Rat: 86%
M-CSF (Macrophage colony-stimulating factor, CSF-1) is a survival factor essential for the proliferation and development of monocytes, macrophages, and osteoclast progenitor cells. M-CSF also induces VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) secretion by macrophages, thereby mediating mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells and neovascularization. M-CSF is present as several bioactive isoforms that differ in potency and stability. The full-length protein is synthesized as a membrane-spanning protein that can be expressed on the cell surface or further cleaved and modified in the secretory vesicle. Further, M-CSF is a disulfide-bonded homodimer which is processed into one of two isoforms, a glycoprotein or a proteoglycan that has been modified by the addition of chondroitin sulfate to each subunit. Binding of M-CSF to its receptor, c-Fms (CSF-1R or CD115) induces dimerization of the receptor followed by internalization and degradation of the complex. Functionally, M-CSF is known to stimulate differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells to monocyte-macrophage cell populations in culture. M-CSF acts through the CSF receptor 1. Although human M-CSF shows activity on mouse cells, mouse CSF shows no activity on human cells.
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Protein Aliases: colony stimulating factor 1 (macrophage); CSF-1; H-MCSF; Lanimostim; M-MCSF; macrophage colony stimulating factor 1; macrophage colony stimulating factor beta; Macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1; MCSF; MGC31930; osteopetrosis; Processed macrophage colony-stimulating factor 1
Gene Aliases: C87615; CSF-1; CSF1; Csfm; MCSF; MCSFBETA; op