MIF (macrophage migration inhibitory factor) was one of the first cytokine activities to be discovered and was initially described as a T cell-derived factor that inhibits the random migration of macrophages (Weiser 1989). Recently, MIF was rediscovered as a pituitary hormone that act as the counterregulatory hormone for glucocorticoid action within the immune system (Bernhagen 1993, Mitchell 1995). MIF was released from macrophages and T cells in response to physiological concentrations of glucocorticoids. The secreted MIF counter-regulates the immunosuppressive effects of steroids on immune cell activation and cytokine production (Bucala 1998). MIF plays a critical role in the host control of inflammation and immunity.
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Protein Aliases: Delayed early response protein 6; DER6; GIF; Glutathione-binding 13 kDa protein; Glycosylation-inhibiting factor; HGNC:7097; L-dopachrome isomerase; L-dopachrome tautomerase; Macrophage migration inhibitory factor; MGC107654; MIF; Phenylpyruvate tautomerase
Gene Aliases: GIF; GLIF; MIF; MMIF
Molecular Function: decarboxylase