Msx2 is a transcriptional repressor whose normal activity may establish a balance between survival and apoptosis of neural crest-derived cells required for proper craniofacial morphogenesis. This protein may also have a role in promoting cell growth under certain conditions and may be an important target for the RAS signaling pathways. Mutations in the Msx2 gene are associated with parietal foramina 1 and craniosynostosis type 2.
Protein Aliases: homeo box, msh-like 2; Homeobox protein Hox-8; Homeobox protein Hox-8-1; Homeobox protein MSX-2; homeobox, msh-like 2; msh homeo box 2; msh homeobox homolog 2
Gene Aliases: BB122635; CRS2; FPP; Hox-8; Hox-8.1; HOX8; Hox8.1; MSH; Msx-2; MSX2; PFM; PFM1