DNA glycosylase which prefers single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), or partially ssDNA structures such as bubble and fork structures, to double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). In vitro, displays strong glycosylase activity towards the hydantoin lesions spiroiminodihydantoin (Sp) and guanidinohydantoin (Gh) in both ssDNA and dsDNA; also recognizes FapyA, FapyG, 5-OHU, 5-OHC, 5-OHMH, Tg and 8-oxoA lesions in ssDNA. No activity on 8-oxoG detected. Also shows weak DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase activity. In vivo, appears to be the primary enzyme involved in removing Sp and Gh from ssDNA in neonatal tissues. Seems to be an important facilitator of cell proliferation in certain populations, for example neural stem/progenitor cells and tumor cells, suggesting a role in replication-associated DNA repair.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: DNA glycosylase FPG2; DNA glycosylase hFPG2; DNA glycosylase/AP lyase Neil3; Endonuclease 8 like 3; Endonuclease 8-like 3; Endonuclease VIII like 3; Endonuclease VIII-like 3; FGP2; FPG2; hFPG2; hNEI3; nei endonuclease VIII-like 3; Nei like protein 3; nei-like DNA glycosylase 3; Nei-like protein 3; NEI3; NEIL3; zinc finger, GRF-type containing 3
Gene Aliases: AI449477; BC034753; C85903; FGP2; FPG2; hFPG2; hNEI3; NEI3; NEIL3; ZGRF3