NIMA was originally shown in Aspergillus nidulans to be necessary for entry into mitosis. NIMA-related mammalian proteins have since been identified as Nek1, Nek2, Nek3 and Nek4 (also designated STK2 or NRK2). High expression of Nek1 is seen in male and female germ cell lines of mouse. Nek2 is the closest known mammalian relative to NIMA. Like NIMA, Nek2 expression peaks at the G2 to M phase transition. Nek3 is a predominantly cytoplasmic enzyme that was detectable in all organs studied. Levels of Nek3 seem to remain unchanged throughout the cell cycle, but appear to be elevated in G0-arrested, quiescent fibroblasts. In developing testicular germ cells, differential patterns of expression were seen for Nek1, Nek2 and Nek4, indicating possible overlapping, but non-identical functions.
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Protein Aliases: glycogen synthase A kinase; HSPK 36; HSPK36; hydroxyalkyl-protein kinase; NEK3; Never in mitosis A-related kinase 3; NIMA (never in mitosis gene a)-related expressed kinase 3; NIMA (never in mitosis gene a)-related kinase 3; NimA related protein kinase 3; NIMA-related expressed kinase 3; NIMA-related kinase 3; NimA-related protein kinase 3; phosphorylase B kinase kinase; Serine/threonine-protein kinase Nek3
Gene Aliases: HSPK36; NEK3