|Tested species reactivity||Human|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 2-32 amino acids from the N-terminal region of human Osteocalcin|
|Purification||Ammonium sulfate precipitation, Size-exclusion - Dialysis|
|Contains||0.09% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50-1:100|
|Western Blot (WB)||1:1000|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
Prior to the formation of calcified bone, noncollagenous proteins form in the extracellular bone matrix. Gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues are formed by vitamin K, vitamin-D regulated calcium binding proteins containing residues of Gla. These residues are essential for the binding of calcium and constitue 1-2% of total bone protein. Osteocalcin itself binds strongly to apatite and calcium. Production of osteocalcin is expressed late in normal bone development and is characteristic of mature osteoblasts. Regular osteocalcin production has been shown to be linked to the p53 tumor suppressor gene. The p53 gene undergoes rearrangement in a high percentage of osteosarcomas, resulting in loss of its expression. The loss of p53 regulation inhibits further osteocalcin production. The absence of end-point differentiation in bone due to p53 rearrangements and lack of osteocalcin production may contribute to the maintenance of the tumorigenic phenotype in osteosarcomas.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.