Immunohistochemistry analysis of PDGF-D showing staining in the cytoplasm of paraffin-embedded human heart tissue (right) compared to a negative control without primary antibody (left). To expose target proteins, antigen retrieval was performed using 10mM sodium citrate (pH 6.0), microwaved for 8-15 min. Following antigen retrieval, tissues were blocked in 3% H2O2-methanol for 15 min at room temperature, washed with ddH2O and PBS, and then probed with a Anti- PDGF-D Polyclonal Antibody (402100) diluted in 3% BSA-PBS at a dilution of 1:50 overnight at 4°C in a humidified chamber. Tissues were washed extensively in PBST and detection was performed using an HRP-conjugated secondary antibody followed by colorimetric detection using a DAB kit. Tissues were counterstained with hematoxylin and dehydrated with ethanol and xylene to prep for mounting.
|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Published species reactivity||Not Applicable|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||Synthetic peptide derived from the C-terminal region of the human PDGF-D|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Storage buffer||PBS, pH 7.4|
|Contains||0.1% sodium azide|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Flow Cytometry (Flow)||3-5 µg/10^6 cells|
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||1:50|
|Western Blot (WB)||Assay Dependent|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
|Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) (IHC (P))||See 1 publications below|
The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) family consists of four members; PDGF-A, PDGF-B, PDGF-C and PDGF-D (spinal cord-derived growth factor-B or iris-expressed growth factor). PDGF members form disulphide-bonded dimeric isoforms, which are important for growth, survival and function in several types of connective tissue cells. Their biological effects are mediated via two tyrosine kinase receptors, PDGFR-a and PDGFR-b, and PDGF-mediated signaling is critical for development of many organ systems. PDGF-D has a two-domain structure similar to PDGF-C and is secreted as a disulphide-linked homodimer, PDGF-DD. PDGF-D induces cellular transformation and promotes tumor growth by accelerating the proliferation rate of tumor cells and by stimulation of tumor neovascularization. PDGF-D may play a role in the development of brain tumors. The potential oncogenic activity of PDGF-DD may be important for the development and/or progression of prostate cancer. PDGF-D is expressed in fibroblastic adventitial cells, cultured endothelial cells and in a variety of tumor cell lines including those derived from ovarian, renal and lung cancers, as well as from astrocytomas and medulloblastomas. PDGF-D is expressed in the human kidney.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
|Not Applicable||Not Cited||
Platelet-derived growth factor isoform expression in carbon tetrachloride-induced chronic liver injury.
40-2100 was used in immunohistochemistry - paraffin section to measure the expression of PDGF isoforms and receptors in chronic liver injury in vivo
|Borkham-Kamphorst E,Kovalenko E,van Roeyen CR,Gassler N,Bomble M,Ostendorf T,Floege J,Gressner AM,Weiskirchen R||Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology (88:1090)||2008|