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The protein encoded by this gene belongs to a family of bifunctional proteins that are involved in both the synthesis and degradation of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate, a regulatory molecule that controls glycolysis in eukaryotes. The encoded protein has a 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activity that catalyzes the synthesis of fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP), and a fructose-2,6-biphosphatase activity that catalyzes the degradation of F2,6BP. This protein is required for cell cycle progression and prevention of apoptosis. It functions as a regulator of cyclin-dependent kinase 1, linking glucose metabolism to cell proliferation and survival in tumor cells. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
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Protein Aliases: 6-biphosphatase 3; 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase; 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/ fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase; 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3; 6PF-2-K/Fru-2,6-P2ase 3; 6PF-2-K/Fru-2,6-P2ase brain/placenta-type isozyme; Fructose-2; Fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase; fructose-6-phosphate,2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatase; inducible 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase; iPFK-2; PFK/FBPase 3; Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-56; RP11-298K24.3
Gene Aliases: iPFK-2; IPFK2; PFK2; PFKFB3
UniProt ID: (Human) Q16875
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5209
Molecular Function: carbohydrate phosphatase