The protein encoded by this gene is an A2 phospholipase, a class of enzyme that catalyzes the release of fatty acids from phospholipids. The encoded protein may play a role in phospholipid remodelling, arachidonic acid release, leukotriene and prostaglandin synthesis, fas-mediated apoptosis, and transmembrane ion flux in glucose-stimulated B-cells. Several transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been described, but the full-length nature of only two of them have been determined to date.
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Protein Aliases: 2-lysophosphatidylcholine acylhydrolase; 85 kDa calcium-independent phospholipase A2; 85/88 kDa calcium-independent phospholipase A2; CaI-PLA2; Group VI phospholipase A2; GVI PLA2; Intracellular membrane-associated calcium-independent phospholipase A2 beta; iPLA2-beta; neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 2; Palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase; Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 9; phospholipase A2, group VI (cytosolic, calcium-independent); PNPLA9
Gene Aliases: CaI-PLA2; GVI; INAD1; iPLA2; IPLA2-VIA; iPLA2beta; NBIA2; NBIA2A; NBIA2B; PARK14; PLA2; PLA2G6; PLPLA9; PNPLA9
UniProt ID: (Human) O60733
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 8398
Molecular Function: phospholipase