Protein arginine N-methyltransferases, such as CARM1, catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to the side chain nitrogens of arginine residues within proteins to form methylated arginine derivatives and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine. Protein arginine methylation has been implicated in DNA packaging, transcription regulation, signal transduction, mRNA stability, metabolism of nascent pre-RNA, and transcriptional activation. Tissue specificity: Overexpressed in prostate adenocarcinomas and high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia.
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Protein Aliases: CARM1; Coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1; coactivator-associated arginine methyltransferase 1 variant 5; Histone-arginine methyltransferase CARM1; PRMT4; protein arginine methyltransferase; Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 4
Gene Aliases: CARM1; PRMT4