Raf-1 (c-Raf) is a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) which functions downstream of the Ras family of membrane associated GTPases to which it binds directly. Once activated Raf-1 can phosphorylate to activate the dual specificity protein kinases MEK1 and MEK2 which in turn phosphorylate to activate the serine/threonine specific protein kinases ERK1 and ERK2. Activated ERKs are pleiotropic effectors of cell physiology and play an important role in the control of gene expression involved in the cell division cycle, apoptosis, cell differentiation and cell migration. Mutations in this gene are associated with Noonan syndrome 5 and LEOPARD syndrome 2.
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Protein Aliases: C-RAF; C-Raf proto-oncogene, serine/threonine kinase; cRaf; Craf1 transforming; EC 188.8.131.52; kinase Raf1; murine leukemia viral (v-raf-1) oncogene homolog 1 (3611-MSV); murine sarcoma 3611 oncogene 1; Oncogene RAF1; OTTHUMP00000207813; OTTHUMP00000209389; Proto-oncogene c-RAF; raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine protein kinase; RAF proto-oncogene serine/threonine-protein kinase; Raf-1; sarcoma 3611 oncogene; v-raf-1 leukemia viral oncogene 1; v-raf-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1; v-raf-1 murine leukemia viral oncogene-like protein 1; vraf1 murine le
Gene Aliases: 6430402F14Rik; AA990557; BB129353; c-Raf; CMD1NN; CRAF; Craf1; D830050J10Rik; NS5; RAF; Raf-1; RAF1; v-Raf