PA1-562 detects MLN64 from rat tissues.
PA1-562 has been successfully used in Western blot procedures. By Western blot, this antibody detects an ~53 kDa protein representing MLN64 from rat adrenal gland tissue extracts. This antibody also detects an ~25 kDa protein from rat adrenal gland which may correspond to degradation product.
PA1-562 antigen is recombinant MLN64 protein.
The steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein facilitates the movement of cholesterol from the outer to inner mitochondrial membrane in adrenal and gonadal cells, fostering steroid biosynthesis. MLN64 is a 445-amino acid protein of unknown function. When 218 amino-terminal residues of MLN64 are deleted, the resulting N-218 MLN64 has 37% amino acid identity with StAR and 50% of StAR's steroidogenic activity in transfected cells. Bacterially expressed N-218 MLN64 exerts StAR-like activity to promote the transfer of cholesterol from the outer to inner mitochondrial membrane in vitro. The presence of a protease-resistant domain and a protease-sensitive carboxy-terminal domain in N-218 MLN64 is similar to the organization of StAR. However, as MLN64 never enters the mitochondria, the protease-resistant domain of MLN64 cannot be a mitochondrial pause-transfer sequence, as has been proposed for StAR.
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Protein Aliases: stAR-related lipid transfer protein 3; START domain containing 3
Entrez Gene ID: (Rat) 363675