Transmembrane protein 64 (TMEM64) positively regulates TNFSF11-induced osteoclast differentiation. Acts as a regulator of TNFSF11-mediated Ca2+ signaling pathways via its interaction with SERCA2 which is critical for the TNFSF11-induced CREB1 activation and mitochondrial ROS generation necessary for proper osteoclast generation. Association between TMEM64 and SERCA2 in the ER leads to cytosolic Ca (2+) spiking for activation of NFATC1 and production of mitochondrial ROS, thereby triggering Ca (2+) signaling cascades that promote osteoclast differentiation and activation. Negatively regulates osteoblast differentiation and positively regulates adipocyte differentiation via modulation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Mediates the switch in lineage commitment to osteogenesis rather than to adipogenesis in mesenchymal stem cells by negatively regulating the expression, activity and nuclear localization of CTNNB1.
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Protein Aliases: CG11367 gene product; Transmembrane protein 64
Gene Aliases: 9630015D15Rik; AI790744; AV300874; TMEM64