This Antibody was verified by Cell treatment to ensure that the antibody binds to the antigen stated.
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PA1-40281 detects membrane and receptor bound TNF alpha from mouse and rat samples.
PA1-40281 has been successfully used in flow cytometry, ELISA, functional assayas, immunohistochemistry (frozen), immunohistochemistry (paraffin), and Western blot applications. This antibody shows no neutralizing activity.
The PA1-40281 imunogen is mouse TNF-alpha.
TNF alpha is a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. This cytokine is mainly secreted by macrophage and bind to its receptors, TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. TNF alpha is involved in the regulation of immune cells, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and coagulation. TNF alpha exists as a multimer of two, three, or five noncovalently linked units, but shows a single 17 kDa band following SDS-PAGE under non-reducing conditions. Knockout studies in mice also suggested the neuroprotective function of TNF alpha, and has been observed to causes tumor necrosis when injected into tumor-bearing mice. Other functions of TNF-alpha include its role in the immune response to bacterial, viral, parasitic and certain fungal infections, as well as its role in the necrosis of specific tumors. TNF alpha causes cytolysis or cytostasis of certain transformed cells, being synergistic with interferon-gamma in its cytotoxicity. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: APC1 protein; C-domain 1; C-domain 2; Cachectin; DADB-70P7.1; ICD1; ICD2; Intracellular domain 1; Intracellular domain 2; N-terminal fragment; NTF; TNF alpha; TNF superfamily; TNF α; TNF, macrophage-derived; TNF, monocyte-derived; TNF-a; TNF-alpha; TNFα; Tumor necrosis factor; tumor necrosis factor (TNF superfamily, member 2); tumor necrosis factor alpha; tumor necrosis factor ligand 1F; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2; Tumor necrosis factor, membrane form; Tumor necrosis factor, soluble form; tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Gene Aliases: DIF; RATTNF; TNF; TNF-a; TNF-alpha; TNFA; TNFalpha; Tnfsf1a; TNFSF2; TNLG1F