c-Kit, also known as CD117 and stem cell factor receptor, is a 145 kDa transmembrane tyrosine kinase encoded by the c-Kit proto-oncogene. c-Kit acts to regulate a variety of biological responses including cell proliferation, apoptosis, chemotaxis and adhesion. Ligand binding to the extracellular domain leads to autophosphorylation on several tyrosine residues within the cytoplasmic domain, and activation. c-Kit mutations correlate with tumor growth and progression in a variety of cancers including mast cell disease, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, acute myeloid leukemia, Ewing sarcoma, and lung cancer. Phosphorylation at tyrosine 703 of c-Kit allows binding of Grb2 and activation of the Ras-Raf-ERK1 and 2 signaling pathway.
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Protein Aliases: C-Kit; CD117; ckit; Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit; p145 c-kit; PBT; Piebald trait protein; Proto-oncogene c-Kit; proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Kit; SCFR; soluble KIT variant 1; Tyrosine-protein kinase Kit; v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog; v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene-like protein
Gene Aliases: C-Kit; CD117; KIT; PBT; SCFR
UniProt ID: (Human) P10721
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 3815