PA1-038 detects recombinant rat brain nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) overexpressed in E. coli. This antibody does not to detect iNOS or eNOS.
PA1-038 has been successfully used in Western blot procedures. By Western blot, this antibody detects an ~155 kDa protein representing recombinant rat nNOS protein overexpressed in E. coli.
The PA1-038 immunogen is a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues I(237) Q V D R D L D G K S H K A(250) of rat nNOS.
Nitric oxide (NO) is an inorganic, gaseous free radical that carries a variety of messages between cells. Vasorelaxation, neurotransmission and cytotoxicity can all be potentiated through cellular response to NO. NO production is mediated by members of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) family. NOS catalyzes the oxidization of L-arginine to produce L-citrulline and NO. Two constitutive isoforms, brain or neuronal NOS (b or nNOS, type I) and endothelial cell NOS (eNOS, type III), and one inducible isoform (iNOS, type II), have been cloned. All NOS isoforms contain calmodulin, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH), flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and flavin mononucleotide (FMN) binding domains.
bNOS and eNOS share approximately 50% sequence homology and their enzymatic activity depends on binding to the calcium/calmodulin complex. Increases in intracellular calcium lead to the production of low levels of NO over a short time. bNOS is found in neurons, peripheral nerve cells, macula densa, and pancreatic islet cells. Alternate splicing specifically regulates bNOS in striated muscle. The translated protein, bNOS mu, is 34 amino acid residues larger than bNOS from brain.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: BNOS; bNOS1; Brain NOS; Constitutive NOS; N-NOS; NC-NOS; Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase; Neuronal NOS; nitric oxidase synthase; Nitric oxide synthase, brain; nNOS; NOS Type 1; NOS type I; Peptidyl-cysteine S-nitrosylase NOS1
Gene Aliases: Bnos; Nos1
UniProt ID: (Rat) P70594
Entrez Gene ID: (Rat) 24598