The Human LYVE1 ELISA quantitates Hu LYVE1 in human serum, plasma, or cell culture medium. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu LYVE1.
Principle of the method
The Human LYVE1 solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
LYVE1 has been identified as a major receptor for HA (extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan) on the lymph vessel wall. The deduced amino acid sequence of LYVE1 predicts a 322-residue type I integral membrane polypeptide 41% similar to the CD44 HA receptor with a 212-residue extracellular domain containing a single Link module, the prototypic HA binding domain of the Link protein superfamily. Like CD44, the LYVE1 molecule binds both soluble and immobilized HA. However, unlike CD44, the LYVE1 molecule colocalizes with HA on the luminal face of the lymph vessel wall and is completely absent from blood vessels. Hence, LYVE1 is the first lymph-specific HA receptor to be characterized and is a uniquely powerful marker for lymph vessels themselves. LYVE1 is a type I integral membrane glycoprotein. LYVE-1 is expressed primarily on lymphatic vessel endothelium and is likely to be involved in regulating the traffic of leucocytes and tumor cells to lymph nodes. The lymphatic vasculature forms a second circulatory system that drains extracellular fluid from the tissues and provides an exclusive environment in which immune cells can encounter and respond to foreign antigen. A number of molecules have been identified as markers for lymphatic endothelium which include LYVE1, PALE, VEGFR3, and podoplanin. Diseases associated with LYVE1 dysfunction includes Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
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