The Human p38 MAPK (Total) ELISA quantitates Hu p38 MAPK (Total) in human cell and tissue lysates. The assay will exclusively recognize both natural and recombinant Hu p38 MAPK (Total).
Principle of the method
The Human p38 MAPK (Total) solid-phase sandwich ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is designed to measure the amount of the target bound between a matched antibody pair. A target-specific antibody has been pre-coated in the wells of the supplied microplate. Samples, standards, or controls are then added into these wells and bind to the immobilized (capture) antibody. The sandwich is formed by the addition of the second (detector) antibody, binding to the target on a different epitope from the capture antibody. A conjugated enzyme has been incorporated into the assay. After incubation and washing steps to rid the microplate of unbound substances, a substrate solution is added that reacts with the enzyme-antibody-target complex to produce measurable signal. The intensity of this signal is directly proportional to the concentration of target present in the original specimen.
Each manufactured lot of this ELISA kit is quality tested for criteria such as sensitivity, specificity, precision, and lot-to-lot consistency. See manual for more information on validation.
The p38 MAPK cascade regulates a variety of cellular responses to stress, inflammation, and other signals. p38 MAPK is relatively inactive in the nonphosphorylated form and becomes rapidly activated by dual phosphorylation of a Thr-Gly-Tyr motifs. There are four isoforms of p38 MAPK, which differ in their tissue expression and affinity for upstream activators and downstream effectors. When cells are exposed to tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1, heat shock, or other activating stimuli, activation of MAPK kinase-3 occurs by phosphorylation. Activated MAPK kinase-3/6 phosphorylate each residue of Thr180 and Tyr182 in p38 MAPK. Phospho-p38 MAPK activates ATF-2, CHOP-1, MEF-2 and other transcription factors through phosphorylation.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
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