Granzyme B is a member of the granzyme serine protease family. Granzyme B is found in the granules of cytotoxic T cells and NK cells. Granzyme B has also been described as CGL1 (cathepsin G-like-1), a serine protease expressed only in cytotoxic T-lymphocytes after cell activation, and CTLA-1 (cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 1) based on identification of mRNA in various cytotoxic T cells, but not observed in non-cytotoxic lymphoid cells. Granzyme B is crucial for the rapid induction of target cell death by apoptosis, induced by interaction with cytotoxic T cells. The receptor involved has been identified as mannose 6-phosphate receptor. This receptor functions as a death receptor for Granzyme B during cytotoxic T cell-induced apoptosis.
CCP1; CTLA-1; Cytotoxic cell protease 1; Fragmentin-2; Granzyme B(G,H); GrB
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