The HRI gene is localized to 7p22 where its 3' end slightly overlaps the 3' end of the gene JTV1. The two genes are transcribed from opposite strands. Studies in rat and rabbit suggest that the HRI gene product phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2. Its kinase activity is induced by low levels of heme and inhibited by the presence of heme.
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 1; HCR; he; heme regulated initiation factor 2 alpha kinase; heme sensitive initiation factor 2a kinase; Heme-controlled repressor; Heme-regulated eukaryotic initiation factor eIF-2-alpha kinase; Heme-regulated inhibitor; heme-regulated initiation factor 2-alpha kinase; heme-regulated repressor; Hemin-sensitive initiation factor 2-alpha kinase
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