Humanin is a novel 24 A. A polypeptide identified in Alzheimer's disease-affected brain. It is 99% homologous to mitochondrial 16s ribosomal RNA and functions as a novel neuroprotective and cytoprotective factor. It specifically inhibits neuronal cell death induced by beta-amyloids and Alzheimer's disease causing FAD genes by competitively inhibiting access of FPRL1 receptor to beta-amyloids. It acts as an anti-apoptotic factor by binding to Bcl-2/Bax family of pro-apoptotic factors including Bax, Bak, Bid and BimEL and inhibits their pro-apoptotic activity. It activates JAK/STAT signaling pathway and is regulated by TRIM11. It interacts with IGFBP-3 and specifically blocks IGFBP-3 induced cell death in glioblastoma cells. Humanin is also expressed in colon and testis.View more
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