|Tested species reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Host / Isotype||Rabbit / IgG|
|Immunogen||A 15 amino acid peptide from near the center of human ATG12.|
|Purification||Antigen affinity chromatography|
|Contains||0.02% sodium azide|
|Storage Conditions||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 3 months. For long term storage store at -20°C|
|Tested Applications||Dilution *|
|Immunocytochemistry (ICC)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunofluorescence (IF)||20 ug/ml|
|Immunohistochemistry (IHC)||2.5 ug/ml|
|Western Blot (WB)||0.5-1 ug/ml|
* Suggested working dilutions are given as a guide only. It is recommended that the user titrate the product for use in their own experiment using appropriate negative and positive controls.
A suggested positive control is mouse heart tissue lysate.
PA5-20464 can be used with blocking peptide PEP-0581.
Autophagy, the process of bulk degradation of cellular proteins through an autophagosomic-lysosomal pathway is important for normal growth control and may be defective in tumor cells. It is involved in the preservation of cellular nutrients under starvation conditions as well as the normal turnover of cytosolic components. This process is negatively regulated by TOR (Target of rapamycin) through phosphorylation of autophagy protein APG1. ATG12, another member of the autophagy protein family, forms a conjugate with ATG5; this conjugate has a ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3)-like activity for protein lipidation in autophagy. This conjugate also associates with innate immune response proteins such as RIG-I and VISA (also known as IPS-1), inhibiting type I interferon production and permitting viral replication in host cells. ATG12 has also been shown to interact with ATG10 in human embryonic kidney cells in the presence of ATG7. At least two isoforms of ATG12 are known to exist.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.