Histone H3 is one of the four core proteins of the nucleosome, and it is involved in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. The N-terminal tail of Histone H3 undergoes many post-translational modifications, including phosphorylation, acetylation, multiple methylation, ubiquitination, and ADP-ribosylation to achieve its diverse functions. HistoneH3 is acetylated and deacetylated on N-terminal lysine residues. Acetylation removes the positive charge on the histone, decreasing the interaction with the negatively charged phosphate groups of DNA, and resulting in a more relaxed structure associated with greater levels of gene transcription. Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 (H3K9Ac) is one of the most well-known epigenetic markers enriched in the promoter region of activated genes.
H3 histone family, member A; H3a; H3K9ac; HIST1H3A; Histone 1; histone 1, H3a; Histone H3.1; Histone H3/a; Histone H3/b; Histone H3/c; Histone H3/d; Histone H3/f; Histone H3/h; Histone H3/i; Histone H3/j; Histone H3/k; Histone H3/l
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