SYTO 59 Nuclear Staining Protocol
Nuclear stain for eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
The cell-permeant SYTO 59 nucleic acid stain exhibits bright red fluorescence upon binding to nucleic acids. In both live and dead eukaryotic cells, SYTO 59 generally shows cytoplasmic or mitochondrial as well as nuclear staining. In addition, SYTO 59 will stain most live and permeabilized bacteria.
This protocol can be used for:
- Nucleic acid (nuclear) staining in fluorescence microscopy
This protocol should not be used for:
- Flow cytometry
|1. Culture cells in an appropriate medium and vessel for fluorescence microscopy.|
|2. Remove the medium.|
|3. Wash the cells 1–3 times in a phosphate-free buffer to remove the medium.|
|4. Prepare the SYTO 59 staining solution by diluting the stock solution 1:1,000 (5 µM) in a phosphate-free buffer.|
|5. Add sufficient staining solution to cover the cells.|
|6. Incubate for 30 minutes, protected from light.|
|7. Remove the staining solution.|
|8. Wash the cells 3 times in a phosphate-free buffer.|
|9. Image the cells.|
|Standard filter set||Cy3.5|
|EVOS Light Cube||Texas Red|
- Warm to room temperature and briefly centrifuge the DMSO solution to the bottom of the vial each time before use.
- Try multiple dye concentrations in the range from 100 nM to 5 µM to determine the optimal concentration.
- In general, the best results are obtained in buffers that do not contain phosphate, such as Hank’s Balanced Salt Solution (14025092).
- Treat all nucleic acid binding dyes as potential mutagens and handle with care.
Nuclear staining of BPAECs. BPAECs were cultured, stained with SYTO 59 dye (5 μM for 5 min), and then imaged.