Proteins of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family are involved in the breakdown of extracellular matrix in normal physiological processes, such as embryonic development, reproduction, and tissue remodeling, as well as in disease processes, such as arthritis and metastasis. Most MMP's are secreted as inactive proproteins which are activated when cleaved by extracellular proteinases. This gene encodes a secreted enzyme which breaks down the interstitial collagens, types I, II, and III. The gene is part of a cluster of MMP genes which localize to chromosome 11q22.3. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.
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Protein Aliases: 22 kDa interstitial collagenase; 27 kDa interstitial collagenase; Collagenase; collagenase-like A; Fibroblast collagenase; Interstitial collagenase; Interstitial collagenase A; matrix metallo protease; matrix metallopeptidase 1 (interstitial collagenase); matrix metallopeptidase 1a; matrix metallopeptidase 1a (interstitial collagenase); matrix metalloprotease 1; matrix metalloproteinase 1; matrix metalloproteinase 1a (interstitial collagenase); Matrix metalloproteinase-1; Matrix metalloproteinase-1a; Matrix metalloproteinase1; Mcol-A; MMP; MMP-1; MMP-1a; MMPs
Gene Aliases: CLG; CLGN; Mcol-A; McolA; MMP1; Mmp1a
Molecular Function: metalloprotease