NUAK2 or SNF1/AMP kinase-related kinase (SNARK) is a member of the NUAK family of SNF1-like kinase 2. NUAK2 is activated by muscle contraction and is a unique mediator of contraction-stimulated glucose transport in skeletal muscle (1). NUAK2 is involved in cellular stress responses linked to obesity and type 2 diabetes. NUAK2 shows kinase activity against a synthetic test peptide and the activity in keratinocytes is increased by AMP and 5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide riboside, implying that AMPK kinase-dependent pathway can activate NAUK2. Glucose deprivation also increases NAUK2 activity in baby hamster kidney fibroblasts. Recombinant full-length human NUAK2 was expressed by baculovirus in Sf9 insect cells using an N-terminal GST tag.
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