Bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (BST1) is a stromal cell line-derived glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored molecule that facilitates pre-B cell growth. BST1, which is also known as ADP-rybosyl cyclase 2 and DAMP-1, is an enzyme which is expressed by BST1 gene in human. BST1 expression is enhanced in bone marrow stromal cell lines derived from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The polyclonal B cell abnormalities in rheumatoid arthritis may be, at least in part, attributed to BST1 overexpression in the stromal cell population.
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Protein Aliases: ADP-ribosyl cyclase 2; ADP-ribosyl cyclase/cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 2; bone marrow stromal antigen 1; Bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1; BST-1; cADPr hydrolase 2; CD157; CD157 antigen; Cyclic ADP-ribose hydrolase 2; NAD(+) nucleosidase; NAD+ nucleosidase
Gene Aliases: BST1; CD157
UniProt ID: (Human) Q10588
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 683