Description: The DL-101 monoclonal antibody reacts with human CD138, also known as syndecan-1. CD138 is a transmembrane protein containing chondroitin sulfate and heparin sulfate moieties responsible for binding to the extracellular matrix components. CD138 is not expressed by mature B cells but is present on pre-B cells and the finally differentiated plasma cells.
Applications Reported: DL-101 has been reported for use in flow cytometric analysis, and immunohistochemical staining of frozen tissue sections.
Applications Tested: The DL-101 antibody has been tested by flow cytometric analysis of cell lines. This can be used at less than or equal to 1 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
CD138 (syndecan 1) is a transmembrane proteoglycan that can bind a variety of cytokines and modulate their activity, as well as the activity of extracellular matrix components and influence many developmental processes. CD138 is expressed mainly in differentiating keratinocytes and is transiently upregulated in all layers of the epidermis upon tissue injury. It is also highly expressed on plasma cells and can be detected even on fibroblasts, vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. Up-regulation and down-regulation of CD138 on the cell surface often correlates with the gain of cancerous characteristics. Serum levels of the shedded soluble sCD138 are used as a prognostic factor of cancerogenesis.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD antigen 138; CD138; CD138 antigen; heparan sulfate proteoglycan fibroblast growth factor receptor; SDC; SDC1; SYND1; syndecan proteoglycan 1; Syndecan-1; synstatin
Gene Aliases: CD138; SDC; SDC1; SYND1; syndecan
UniProt ID: (Human) P18827
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 6382
Molecular Function: cell adhesion molecule cytoskeletal protein defense/immunity protein extracellular matrix glycoprotein extracellular matrix protein membrane-bound signaling molecule signaling molecule