Description: The TLR3.7 monoclonal antibody reacts with human Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3). To date, at least twelve members of the Toll-like receptor family have been identified. This family of type I transmembrane proteins is characterized by an extracellular domain with leucine-rich repeats and a cytoplasmic domain with homology to the type I IL-1 receptor. In the innate immune response, TLRs recognize molecular patterns associated with microbial pathogens and induce antimicrobial activity. TLR3 recognizes double-stranded (ds)RNA, induces the activation of NF-kappaB through MyD88-dependent and -independent pathways, and the production of type I interferons (IFNs). TLR3.7 suppressed poly(I):poly(C)-mediated IFN-beta production by human fibroblasts naturally expressing TLR3 on their surface.
Applications Reported: This TLR3.7 antibody has been reported for use in intracellular staining followed by flow cytometric analysis, immunoprecipitation, immunoblotting (WB), immunohistology staining of frozen tissue sections, and immunohistology staining of paraffin embedded tissue sections. (Fluorochrome conjugated TLR3.7 is recommended for use in intracellular flow cytometry.) It has also been reported in in vitro inhibition of ligand binding. For optimal detection of TLR3 with this mAb by flow cytometry, PE-conjugated or Biotin-conjugated TLR3.7 (revealed with SAv-PE cat. 12-4312) are recommended.
Applications Tested: This TLR3.7 antibody has been tested by intracellular staining and flow cytometric analysis of A549 and MRC5 cell lines to detect the very low level of this antigen on the surface. This can be used at less than or equal to 2.0 µg per test. A test is defined as the amount (µg) of antibody that will stain a cell sample in a final volume of 100 µL. Cell number should be determined empirically but can range from 10^5 to 10^8 cells/test. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
TLR3 is a member of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family which plays a fundamental role in pathogen recognition and activation of innate immunity. TLRs are highly conserved from drosophila to humans and share structural and functional similarities. They recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are expressed on infectious agents, and mediate the production of cytokines necessary for the development of effective immunity. The various TLRs exhibit different patterns of expression.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: CD283; IIAE2; Toll-like Receptor 3
Gene Aliases: CD283; IIAE2; TLR3
UniProt ID: (Human) O15455
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 7098