Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), also known as cyclooxygenase, is the key enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, and acts both as a dioxygenase and as a peroxidase. There are two isozymes of PTGS: a constitutive PTGS1 and an inducible PTGS2, which differ in their regulation of expression and tissue distribution. This gene encodes the inducible isozyme. It is regulated by specific stimulatory events, suggesting that it is responsible for the prostanoid biosynthesis involved in inflammation and mitogenesis.
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Protein Aliases: COX-2; COX2; cyclooxygenase 2; cyclooxygenase 2b; Cyclooxygenase-2; GRIPGHS; hCox-2; PGG/HS; PGH synthase 2; PGHS-2; PHS II; PHS-2; Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (prostaglandin G/H synthase and cyclooxygenase)
Gene Aliases: COX-2; COX2; GRIPGHS; hCox-2; PGG/HS; PGHS-2; PHS-2; PTGS2
UniProt ID: (Human) P35354
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5743