This clone recognizes the L1 or Calprotectin molecule, an intracytoplasmic antigen comprised of a 12 kDa alpha chain and a 14 kDa beta chain. Although originally described as binding to epitopes common to both the alpha and beta chains (Flavell et al. 1987) subsequent studies indicate that the antibody detects an epitope exclusively expressed on the beta chain (Goebeler et al. 1994) demonstrated by immunofluorescent and western blotting on both naturally expressing and transfected targets. In addition Mouse anti Human macrophages, clone MAC387 detects the beta chain in complex with the alpha. The antigen recognized by Mouse anti Human macrophages, clone MAC387 is expressed by granulocytes, monocytes and by tissue macrophages. Variable results have been reported for staining brain macrophages and microglia. The epitope recognized appears to be well conserved and the antibody is routinely used for the detection of myeloid cellds in a wide range of species.
Membrane permeabilization is required for flow cytometry applications. Use 10 µL of the suggested working dilution to label 1x10^6 cells in 100 µL.
The S100A8/A9 heterocomplex, also called MRP-8/MRP-14 complex or calprotectin, comprises 60% of the cytoplasmic protein fraction of circulating polymorphonuclear granulocytes and is also found in monocytes, macrophages and ileal tissue eosinophils. Peripheral blood monocytes carry the antigen extra- and intracellularly, neutrophils only intracellularly. The S100A8/A9 complex has antibacterial, antifungal, immunomodulating and antiproliferative effects. Besides this it is a potent chemotactic factor for neutrophils. Plasma concentrations are elevated in diseases associated with increased neutrophil activity, like inflammatory bowel disease. Granulocytes terminate their existence after transmigration through the intestinal wall. Therefore calprotectin is also detectable in feces. Elevated levels of calprotectin have been observed in body fluids such as plasma, saliva, gingival crevicular fluid, stools, and synovial fluid during infection and inflammatory conditions.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: AI323541; B8Ag; BEE11; BEE22; calcium binding protein; S100 protein; calgranulin A; calgranulin B; Calgranulin-A; Calgranulin-B; calprotectin; Calprotectin L1H subunit; Calprotectin L1L subunit; CFAG; Cystic fibrosis antigen; intracellular calcium-binding protein (MRP14); Leukocyte L1 complex heavy chain; Leukocyte L1 complex light chain; macrophage migration inhibitory factor-related protein-14; macrophage migration inhibitory factor-related protein-8; Migration inhibitory factor-related protein 14; Migration inhibitory factor-related protein 8; MRP-14; MRP-8; Myeloid-related protein 14; Neutrophil cytosolic 23 kDa protein; Neutrophil cytosolic 7 kDa protein; p14; p23; P7; p8; Protein S100-A8; Protein S100-A9; S100 calcium binding protein A8; S100 calcium binding protein A8 (calgranulin A); S100 calcium binding protein A9 (calgranulin B); S100 calcium-binding protein A8; S100 calcium-binding protein A8 (calgranulin A); S100 calcium-binding protein A9; S100 calcium-binding protein A9 (calgranulin B); S100A8/S100A9; Urinary stone protein band A
Gene Aliases: 60B8AG; CAGA; CAGB; CFAG; CGLA; CGLB; CP-10; L1AG; LIAG; MA387; MAC387; MIF; MRP-14; MRP-8; MRP14; MRP8; NIF; P14; P8; S100A8; S100A9
Entrez Gene ID: (Guinea pig) 100735514, (Horse) 100061766, (Dog) 490461, (Bovine) 616818, (Pig) 100127488, (Rabbit) 100008985, (Goat) 102168876, (Human) 6279, (Dog) 490463, (Bovine) 532569, (Pig) 100127489, (Horse) 100061730, (Rabbit) 100008704, (Goat) 102182273, (Human) 6280, (Rat) 116547, (Guinea pig) 100735238, (Rat) 94195
Molecular Function: calmodulin-related