Recombinant rabbit polyclonal antibodies are unique offerings from Thermo Fisher Scientific. They are comprised of a selection of multiple different recombinant monoclonal antibodies, providing the best of both worlds - the sensitivity of polyclonal antibodies with the specificity of monoclonal antibodies - all delivered with the consistency only found in a recombinant antibody. While functionally the same as a polyclonal antibody - recognizing multiple epitope sites on the target and producing higher detection sensitivity for low abundance targets - a recombinant rabbit polyclonal antibody has a known mixture of light and heavy chains. The exact population can be produced in every lot, circumventing the biological variability typically associated with polyclonal antibody production.
Tight junction group of proteins are a cell-to-cell adhesion structure in epithelial cells that constitute the epithelial junctional complex with adherens junctions and desmosomes. Tight junction strands are mainly composed of claudins, occludin, and JAM. Claudin-16 belongs to the Claudin family of protein which is composed of 23 integral membrane proteins. Claudins are responsible for the formation of tight junction strands and are connected with the actin cytoskeleton mediated by ZO-1. Claudin 16, also known as Paracellin-1, is a renal tight junction protein required for paracellular magnesium resorption. It is localized in the intercellular junctions of the epithelial cells of the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (a TAL marker) are used to localize this specific structure of nephrons in kidney sections. Mg2+ resorption occurs in TAL, and Claudin-16 is required for this paracellular function. Failure in renal 'handling' of magnesium can result in hypermagnesemia, whose major direct toxicity implications are cardiovascular as well as renal failure. Recent studies have shown that the lack of Claudin-16 proteins contributes to the dysfunction of paracellular renal transport systems.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: Claudin-16; hypomagnesemia 3, with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis; Paracellin-1; PCLN-1
Gene Aliases: CLDN16; HOMG3; PCLN1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q9Y5I7
Molecular Function: tight junction