This Antibody was verified by Independent antibody to ensure that the antibody binds to the antigen stated. View Details
This antibody reacts strongly with both ERK1 and ERK2. Reactivity has been confirmed by western blot analysis of extracts derived from human A431 and K562 cells, canine MDCK cells, mouse brain, rat brain, and recombinant ERK2.
Mitogen Activated Protein Kinases (MAPKs) play pivotal roles in mediating signal transduction from the cell surface to the nucleus. These kinases are encoded by distinct genes and together form a family of kinases whose activation is dependent upon dual phosphorylation on specific threonine and tyrosine residues. In yeast, a number of different MAP Kinases have been identified and are activated by distinct signaling pathways. In mammalian cells, the best characterized sub-group of the MAP Kinase family are the Extracellular Signal Regulated Kinases (ERKs). To date, at least 4 distinct ERKs have been identified including: ERK1 (p44/p43), ERK2 (p42/p43), ERK3 (p62), and ERK4 (p45). Analysis of cDNAs encoding MAP Kinase suggest that numerous other ERKs may exist. MAP Kinase has been shown to phosphorylate numerous proteins including: RSK, c-Fos, c-Jun, c-Myc, c-Raf, MAP2, and MEK. MAP Kinase is directly activated when phosphorylated by MEK and indirectly stimulated by many factors. Erk2 is also known as microtubule-associated protein-2 kinase MAP kinase 2, p42-MAPK, or EGF receptor T669 (ERT1). Mek2 activates Erk2 by phosphorylation of neighboring threonine-183 and tyrosine-185 residues. Erk2, a serine/threonine kinase, phosphorylates microtubule associated protein-2 and myelin basic protein. This kinase is an important proximal component of the MAP kinase pathway involved in transmitting the signals from growth factors, neurotransmitters, and hormones at the cell surface to the transcriptional events in the nucleus.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Not for resale without express authorization.
Protein Aliases: ERK; ERK-2; ERK1; ERK2; ERT1; extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1; extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2; extracellular signal-related kinase 1; extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 2; insulin-stimulated MAP2 kinase; MAP kinase 1; MAP kinase 2; MAP kinase 3; MAP kinase isoform p42; MAP kinase isoform p44; MAPK; MAPK 1; MAPK 2; MAPK 3; MAPK2; microtubule-associated protein 2 kinase; Mitogen activated protein kinase; Mitogen activated protein kinase 1; Mitogen activated protein kinase 2; mitogen-activated 3; mitogen-activated protein kinase 1; mitogen-activated protein kinase 2; mitogen-activated protein kinase 3; p38; p40; p41; p41mapk; p42; p42 MAP Kinase; p42-MAPK; P42MAPK; p44 MAP Kinase; pp42/MAP kinase; PRKM1; PRKM2; protein tyrosine kinase ERK2
Gene Aliases: 9030612K14Rik; AA407128; AU018647; C78273; ERK; ERK-1; ERK-2; ERK1; ERK2; ERT1; ERT2; Esrk1; HS44KDAP; HUMKER1A; MAPK1; MAPK2; MNK1; Mtap2k; p38; p40; p41; p41mapk; p42-MAPK; P42MAPK; p44; p44-ERK1; p44-MAPK; P44ERK1; P44MAPK; PRKM1; PRKM2; PRKM3