Description: The NRRF-30 antibody reacts with mouse Foxp3 also known as FORKHEAD BOX P3, SCURFIN, and JM2; cross reactivity of this antibody to other proteins has not been determined. Foxp3, a 49-55 kDa protein, is a member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcriptional regulators, and was identified as the gene defective in 'scurfy' (sf) mice. Constitutive high expression of foxP3 mRNA has been shown in CD4+/CD25+ regulatory T cells (Treg cells), and ectopic expression of foxp3 in CD4+/CD25- cells imparts a Treg phenotype in these cells.
Immunoblotting with NRRF-30 antibody has mapped the epitope to amino acids 1-75 of the mouse Foxp3 protein.
Intracellular staining of mouse splenocytes with fluorochrome-conjugated NRRF-30 using the eBioscience Foxp3 Staining Buffers (cat. 00-5523) and corresponding staining protocol reveals approximately 3% of total cells in the C57Bl/6 strain and approximately 5% in the BALB/c mouse strain. Multicolor flow cytometric analysis demonstrates approximately 90% of the CD4+/CD25+ cells and 4% of the CD4+/CD25- cells staining with NRRF-30. Co-staining with FJK-16s (anti-mouse/rat Foxp3 cat. 71-5775), which has been mapped to amino acids 71-125, and NRRF-30 shows 100% correlation, indicating that the same cells are stained with both anti-mouse Foxp3 antibodies.
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Applications Reported: This NRRF-30 antibody has been reported for use in immunoblotting (WB), and immunohistology staining of frozen tissue sections.
Applications Tested: This NRRF-30 antibody has been used at 2 µg/mL for the western blot analysis of Foxp3 expression in mouse splenocytes total cell lysates. This NRRF-30 antibody has been used in immunohistochemical staining of frozen mouse tissue and can be used at less than or equal to 10 µg/mL. It is recommended that the antibody be carefully titrated for optimal performance in the assay of interest.
Purity: Greater than 90%, as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Aggregation: Less than 10%, as determined by HPLC.
Filtration: 0.2 µm post-manufacturing filtered.
FOXP3 (Forkhead box protein 3) is a member of the forkhead/winged-helix family of transcriptional regulators, highly conserved across mammals, and essential for normal immune homeostasis. FOXP3 is 381 amino acids long, stably and constitutively expressed at a high level in CD25 + CD4 positive regulatory T cells, a low level in CD4-positive/CD25-negative cells, and is absent in CD4-negative/CD8-positive T cells. FOXP3 may be a master regulatory gene, and a more specific marker of regulatory T cells. Defects in the gene encoding FOXP3 protein cause the scurfy phenotype in mice. In humans FOXP3 defects play a role in IPEX syndrome (immune dysfunction, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked syndrome), also known as X-linked autoimmunity-allergic dysregulation (XLAAD) syndrome. Transcript variants of FOXP3 encoding different isoforms have been identified. In human breast and colon cancer cells, expression of FOXP3 is regulated by p53 in response to the DNA damage.
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Protein Aliases: AIID; DIETER; Forkhead box P3; Forkhead box protein P3; Forkhead box protein P3 41 kDa form; Forkhead box protein P3, C-terminally processed; foxp3; IPEX; JM2; PIDX; SCURFIN; scurfy; XPID
Gene Aliases: Foxp3; JM2; scurfin; sf
UniProt ID: (Mouse) Q99JB6
Entrez Gene ID: (Mouse) 20371