Recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies are produced using in vitro expression systems. The expression systems are developed by cloning in the specific antibody DNA sequences from immunoreactive rabbits. Then, individual clones are screened to select the best candidates for production. The advantages of using recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibodies include: better specificity and sensitivity, lot-to-lot consistency, animal origin-free formulations, and broader immunoreactivity to diverse targets due to larger rabbit immune repertoire.
The pax genes are a family of transcription factors that are active in specific tissues during early embryonic development. Pax family members possess a DNA-binding domain encoded by the paired box. Because paired domain containing genes encode transcription factors, they are capable of executing a genetic program. Several pax genes have also been associated with developmental mutations including: pax-3, which is associated with Waardenburg syndrome, pax-6, which is associated with Aniridia, and pax-2, which is associated with Wilms tumor. During embryogenesis, Pax-2 is expressed in the developing kidney. In particular, the pax-2 gene is expressed in condensing metanephric mesenchyme and in early epithelial structures derived from mesenchyme; however, pax-2 mRNA and protein levels are rapidly down regulated as the tubular epithelium matures. Although Pax-2 is down regulated during renal epithelium maturation, Pax-2 expression persists in the undifferentiated epithelium of Wilms' tumors. Persistent expression of Pax-2 in Wilms' tumors occurs frequently and correlates with the proliferation of poorly differentiated epithelial cells in these tumors. Interestingly, expression of the Wilms' tumor suppresser protein, WT1, coincides with down-regulation of the pax-2 gene; thus, suggesting that WT1 can directly repress pax-2 transcription.
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Protein Aliases: paired box homeotic gene 2; Paired box protein Pax-2
Gene Aliases: FSGS7; PAPRS; PAX2
UniProt ID: (Human) Q02962
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 5076