Serine-threonine kinase which transduces inflammatory and cell-death signals (programmed necrosis) following death receptors ligation, activation of pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs), and DNA damage. Upon activation of TNFR1 by the TNF-alpha family cytokines, TRADD and TRAF2 are recruited to the receptor. Phosphorylates DAB2IP at 'Ser-728' in a TNF-alpha-dependent manner, and thereby activates the MAP3K5-JNK apoptotic cascade. Ubiquitination by TRAF2 via 'Lys-63'-link chains acts as a critical enhancer of communication with downstream signal transducers in the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and the NF-kappa-B pathway, which in turn mediate downstream events including the activation of genes encoding inflammatory molecules. Polyubiquitinated protein binds to IKBKG/NEMO, the regulatory subunit of the IKK complex, a critical event for NF-kappa-B activation. Interaction with other cellular RHIM-containing adapters initiates gene activation and cell death. RIPK1 and RIPK3 association, in particular, forms a necrosis-inducing complex.
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Protein Aliases: Cell death protein RIP; OTTHUMP00000015955; receptor (TNFRSF)-interacting serine-threonine kinase 1; receptor interacting protein; Receptor-interacting protein 1; receptor-interacting protein kinase 1; Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1; RIP-1; serine/threonine-protein kinase RIP
Gene Aliases: RIP; RIP-1; RIP1; RIPK1
UniProt ID: (Human) Q13546
Entrez Gene ID: (Human) 8737